Islam  Arabic: ٱلْإِسْلَام‎, romanized: al-Islām [alʔɪsˈlaːm] is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is a messenger of God.  It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.9 billion followers or 24.4% of the world’s population, commonly known as Muslims.  Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative examples (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE). 

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus,  and the Quran in its Arabic to be the unaltered and final revelation of God.  Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and unrighteous punished in hell.  Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment.  The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam. 

Aside from the theological narrative, Islam is historically believed to have originated in the early 7th century CE in Mecca,  and by the 8th century the Umayyad Caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing,  later followed by the Era of the Islamic Gunpowders, the stablest economies of the early modern period, particularly the Safavid Dynasty and the proto industrialised Mughal Empire, whose economy, wealth and architecture significantly influenced the course of Asian history.  The expansion of the Muslim world involved various states and dynasties such as the Ottoman Empire, trade and conversion to Islam by missionary activities (dawah).

Most Muslims are of one of two denominations; Sunni (75–90%) or Shia (10-20%). About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country; 31% of Muslims live in South Asia,  the largest population of Muslims in the world;  20% in the Middle East–North Africa region,  where it is the dominant religion; and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, Caucasus, Central Asia, China, Europe, Mainland Southeast Asia, Philippines, and Russia. Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world.

The Five Pillars of Islam

  1. Tawheed: The Testimony (faith in English) is the core of the Muslim belief that there is no god but Allah himself, and that Muhammad is his last messenger.
  2. Salaat: Muslims pray five times per day, at special times of the day. When they pray, they face Kaaba, a large cubic structure located at the holy city of Mecca. Salat is namaz in Persian, Turkish and Urdu. Shia Muslims can pray the afternoon and evening prayers right after each other. 
  3. Zakat: Muslims who have money must give a percentage of the money which it’s still with them for a year 1/40th of their money (charity in English) to help people who do not have money or need help.
  4. Sawm or Siyam: Fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic year. Muslims do not eat or drink from dawn till sunset for one lunar month. After Ramadan, there is a holiday called Eid al-Fitr (which means “festival of end-fast” in English). On Eid al-Fitr, Muslims usually go to the mosque in the morning for a special religious service, and then have a party with families and friends.
  5. Hajj (Pilgrimage in English): During the month of Zulhejja, the 12th month of the Islamic Calendar is the pilgrimage season where many Muslims go to Mecca, the holiest city of Islam. However, if a Muslim is financially unable to perform the Hajj, it is not necessary for them to do so. Those who possess great financial capacity were the most obligated to perform the Hajj.

Islam is the very first religion of the world history. It’s there since time immemorial or since man’s foot set on the earth. There are so many misconceptions about Islam, one of those that the Islam is a new religion which came into existence fourteen hundred years back and Muhammad (PBUH) was the founder of Islam.

This is not wrong only but also a lie because Muhammad was the last messenger of Islam, not founder of Islam. Allah sent him as a messenger here as sent a number of messenger time to time, like Jesus, Moses, Noah.

Allah said in the Holy Quran Surah Anbiya Ayat no 25 “And we didn’t send any messenger before you but said him “There is no god else me so worship to me”. Yes, they were only for their region and their locality and Muhammad was for all mankind “we sent you for all worlds” Allah said.

Islam an Arabic word which means peace according to language and to submit your will to almighty God. One who believes in Islam is a Muslim, so the Muslim is a person who submits his will to almighty God.

Islam believes in one and only God who is Allah. Allah is an Arabic word which mean is the worthy of worship. The origin of this word is Allah means God. Allah sent many messengers to earth to remind that there is only one god and he is only who is worthy of worship and the system of the world is in his hand, so the man should obey him.

The Five Pillars of Islam Definition
There are five basic pillars of Islam known as “Arkan E Islam” or “Arkan E Deen”

The last messenger of Islam Muhammad pbuh said “Islam is built upon five; shahada, salat, zakat, hajj, and sawm of Ramzan. (Bukhari shareef .hadith no 8)

Here is the list of The Five Pillars of Islam in English:

  • Shahada ― The testimony of faith
  • Salat ― Five daily prayers
  • Sawm ― Fasting
  • Zakat ― Compulsory charity
  • Hajj ― Pilgrimage of Makkah

So, this are Five Pillars of Islam symbols, the complete about the Five Pillars of Islam is available on this article. We will explain you each of this 5 topics one by one. Meanwhile, you can print out this page for offline reading.

#01. – The Five Pillars of Islam – { Shahada }


Shahada is the declaration of faith and trust by saying a sentence in Arabic language that is “Ash-hadu al laa ilaaha illallahu, wa ash hadu anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasooluhu.” It’s one of the first pillars of Islam and one of the five pillars of Islam.

Meaning: “I bear witness there is no god to be worshiped but Allah and Muhammad is his servant and his messenger”.

Umar son of Khattab (R),”Once Jibraeel asked the messenger of Allah and said, O Muhammad ! tell me what is Islam? The messenger of Allah Muhammad (saw) replied ”Islam is to testify that there is none worthy of worship and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.

This is Shahada and this is necessary to the person who wants to become a Muslim to testify it, because Islam doesn’t allow to his believers that they follow many gods in many forms, everything can’t be god, everything can’t be worthy of worship, everything can’t be able to bow him, everything is creature and the creator is only one god and the creator is more able to be worshipped than creature.

#02. – The Five Pillars of Islam – { Salaat }

This is the Islamic way of praying. Salaat is performed in Arabic language. Starts from takbeer and ends on salaam. Salaat is accompanied by a series of standing, bowing, prostrating and sitting. Muslims may perform salaat anywhere on the earth wherever the time of prayer find them.

Nabi(SAW) said,” The earth has been made a place of prostration and a means of purification for me. So wherever a man of my ummah is when the time for prayer comes let him pray. (sunan nasai 432)

There is no limitation of special place for performing Salaat however the mosques are common places for this purpose.

Salaat Consists Five Daily Prayers:

  • Fajr ― Fajr means Dawn and beginning. Salaat is the first salat of the day and is performed at the dawn. Fajr prayer time starts from true dawn and ends at sunrise.
  • Dhuhr ― Dhuhr prayer is performed when sun declines.
  • Asr ― Asr prayer is performed after dhuhr till when sun turns yellow.
  • Maghrib ― Maghrib prayer time starts after the sun sets.
  • Isha ― Isha may performed till midnight.

This is the brief introduction of Salaats: The timing of these salaats taken from a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah(R) Muhammad(S) said” there is for every salaat its initial and final time. The initial time for Dhuhr is when the sun declines and its final time is when Asr commences. The initial time for Asr is when it sets in till when the sun turn yellow. The initial time of maghrib is with sun set and its last is when redness on the horizons disappears. The initial time of Isha is from then and final time is at midnight. The initial time of fajr is from true dawn till sunrise.(Tirmidhi shareef hadith no 151)

#03. – The Five Pillars of Islam – { Sawm }


In Islamic belief, the Quran is the holy book of Islam and contained to words of Allah (God) and is conveyed to the Prophet Muhammad by the archangel Jibraeel, who had been tasked since Adam as the conveyor of the words of God as guidance to mankind. The Quran is the central point of reference and is a link which connects humanity with God.

The Qur’an contains many passages and chapters which covers the entire aspect of humanity, down to the most minute detail. From the creation and conception of human child to the details of the Earth and beyond. In the aspect of human life it contains stories and tales of old civilizations and past prophets and their life chronicles. The Quran also contains the Syaria’ law or hudud, and emphasizes the equal rights man and women alike with mothers given special status where it is sinful to even glare at them.

The Qur’an has a total of 30 juzuks. In each juzuk, contains many surahs or verses, with 114 surahs which begins with Surah al-Fatehah(The Beginning) and ended with Surah an-Naas(Humanity). A Hafeez is a Muslim who has committed the Quran to memory and can accurately recite every word in the Quran without flipping a single page and apply them to daily life.

Other important teachings in Islam are the Sunnah (which tell about Muhammad’s life) and the Hadith (which are collections of dialogues of conversation that Muslims believe Muhammad said).

The Qur’an is considered in Islam as a manual to all of humanity and its teachings are to be implemented and shared by its readers.

Fasting in Islam is known as Sawm – Five Pillars of Islam Fasting. Allah prescribes daily fasting for all able and adult Muslims during whole of the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of lunar calendar.

Muslims must abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse in the month of Ramadan from dawn to sunset. This is obligatory for who has reached puberty. Sawm is the practice of piety and devotion. The fasting is not prescribed in Islam only but every religion has a form of fasting in its.

Allah says ‘O you believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for before you that you may become righteous.’ (Soorah Baqarah 2 verse 183)

Fasting helps develop self-control because abstaining from permissible things grows patience and self-governance. Each and every moment during the fast a person supress their passions and desires in loving obedience to God.

This consciousness of duty with the spirit of patience helps in strengthening one’s faith. Fasting teaches the principle of God consciousness because the fasting doesn’t occur without deep love.

#04. – The Five Pillars of Islam – { Zakat }

(And keep up salaat and pay Zakat and contribute for Allah’s Sake a contribution.73:20)

Zakat literally means that which purifies. Zakat purifies wealth as Salaat purifies the soul. Zakat is a form of alms giving treated in Islam which by Quranic ranking is next after prayer in importance. That’s why Allah mentioned it with the salaat at many places.

Zakat is binding on all believers who have wealth above Nisab. Zakat is based on savings not income and the value of all of one’s possessions. It’s 2.5% or 1/40th of a Muslim’s total savings and wealth above Nisab. The Nisab of gold and silver fixed by the messenger of Allah is as follows,


  • To whom zakat can be given?

The recipients of zakat according to the Quran are as follows:

“Zakat (Alms) are for the poor and the needy; and those employed to administer the funds; for those whose hearts have been recently reconciled to Truth; for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer. It is ordained by Allah and Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom. (SoorahTawba9, verse 60)

To whom zakat cannot be given?

Zakat cannot be given to parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, husband, wife, non-Muslims.

Zakat cannot be given to the institutions use zakat for construction, investment or salaries. Zakat cannot be given or used for the construction of a masjid, madrasa, hospital, bridge or any other public amenity. Zakat cannot be given to Bani Hashim.

#05. – The Five Pillars of Islam – { Hajj }

It is one of the five pillars of Islam, The Hajj literally is to intend a journey and according to Islam is annual Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah, the most holy city of the world.

This is mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable (mustati) undertaking the journey and can support their family during their absence.

“As a right of Allah, it is obligatory on the people to perform Hajj of the house on everyone who has the ability to manage his way to it.”soorah ale imran3 verse 97.

The Hajj occurs from 8th to 13th of Dhul hijja, last month of Islamic calendar.

  • The Hajj is the name of Ihram, Tawaf, Sayi, wuqoof, Nahr and Jimar.

There are five Meeqats in five different sides for visitors enter from different sides, described by prophet Muhammad (saw). The names of these meeqat are as below

  • Zul-hulaifa, Al-juhfa,(west) Qarn-al-manazil,(East) Yalamlam,(South) Zat-e-irq.(North).

When the pilgrims enter the meeqat dons two white seamless sheets that are wrapped around the body. It is known as Ihram. This is a unique dress for pilgrims during the hajj for they all become same, for they feel that they gather on the name of one God and they are sons of one father, they are followers of one religion and one messenger. Wearing it pilgrims can cut neither their hair nor their nails. He can’t use perfume also. He can’t go to his wife.

After that the pilgrims enter Makkah and go to masjid haraam and perform there tawaf e ziyarat by walking seven times around kaabah and by running seven times between the mount Safa and mount Marwah. This running is called Sayee.

On 8th of Dhul hijja pilgrims go to Minaa (5 km to the east of Makkah) in their tents and stay there a night. The next morning they go to Arafat (16 km far from Makkah in south east) where they stay till afternoon and listen there speech (Khutba) of Ameer e Hajj. They perform there Zuhr and Asr prayers together in Zuhr time.

Having performed these two salaats they go to Muzdalifa (an open ground between Minaa and Arafat) where they perform Maghrib and Isha prayers in Isha time and stay there whole night for praying. After performing Fajr prayer they return to Minaa in their tents on 10th of Dhul Hijja, where they perform rami jimar as throwing seven stones. After that they sacrifice animals in commemoration of Abraham’s sacrifice.

In this day they go to Makkah to perform tawaf and sayi again. This tawaf known as Tawaf e Qudoom. After this tawaf pilgrims return to Minaa and now they wear off Ihram. The next two days the pilgrim throw seven stones on each pillar in Minaa and return to Makkah to perform the last tawaf known as tawaf e wada . Thus the hajj is going to be complete.



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