Genius means, in psychology, two different meanings, but they’re complementary.
The first meaning
To be a genius, one’s genius, revealed by those who had a iq of 140 and above, was confirmed by the American psychologist Louis Madison Terman.
The most common is that a high degree of intelligence helps one achieve remarkable practical achievements in a field, in this sense the elements of genius are originality, creativity, and the ability to think and work in areas that have not been explored before. This concept is confirmed by the British scientist Sir Francis Golton.
Many researchers have tried to explain genius. Some claimed that geniuses belonged to an independent biological psycho-type that differed in its mental and emotional processes from the average human being and that man was different from a monkey. Golton, who was the first to study systemic genius, went on to say that it was the result of three qualities: intelligence, enthusiasm and ability to work, and he tried to prove that it was an ongoing phenomenon in some families. The consensus is almost unanimous today that genius is the product of both genetics and environmental factors combined. Talents that enable the owner to excel.
The origin of the word
The origin of the word is due to the ancient Arab belief in the existence of the jinn, which suggests poetry to its owner. They made every great poet a genie to inspire poetry. And they thought these jinn sit in a ravine.